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Forklift parts.

Points to check:

- Manufacture year;

- Maker and model;

- Gasoline, Diesel or battery;

- Carrying capacity;

- Working hours;

- Lifting height;

- Side shifter;

- If the forklift is electric the battery condition in % and if the charger is available;

- Forks length;

- Mast height;

- Heard guard height;

- Total weight;

- Backrest type;

- Mast type;

Backrest type:

1) Static type

2) Side shift type

When installed on a forklift a side-shift allows a carried load to be moved left or right within a given span. The major advantage of side-shift is the ability to move the fork carriage without having to move the whole forklift. Some other benefits of side-shift include: Ability to shift loads in tight spaces.

Static backrest

Static backrest

Side shift backrest

Side shift backrest

Mast types:

1) V-type mast (Duplex)

The standard mast is two-piece with wide view. Provides excellent visibility from the cab and ensures safe operation. It is used for a wide range of tasks in large working areas. This type of mast has two sections and two lifting cylinders located on the sides. With such a mast, the forks rise to a height of 150 mm from the ground, and then the inner section of the mast begins to extend, thereby increasing the height of the loader. The lifting heights of such masts range from 3.0 m to 5.0 m. The standard lifting height for forklifts is considered to be 3.0 m.

2) FV type mast (Duplex with freewheel)

Two-piece mast with free lift. The average lift height provides a good opportunity for efficient use of space in a warehouse with low ceilings or when working in a carriage. A loader with a mast of the FV type is also called a loader in a carriage version (carriage, carriage-type mast). With a wagon-type mast, a Side Shift is used for more accurate loading.

The mast consists of two sections, like the standard one, but another special free-wheeling cylinder is added to the hydraulic circuit, which is located in the middle of the mast. Its function is to raise the carriage with the forks without changing the building height of the forklift, and only then the inner section of the mast is extended using two side lifting cylinders. The most common lifting heights for these forklifts range from 3.0 m to 3.3 m.

3) FSV mast (Triplex with free lift)

Freewheel three-section mast, high mast. This model will allow using the entire volume of the warehouse for stowing cargo, and thus filling it up to the ceiling or when working in a carriage. A loader with a FSV mast is also called a wagon-type loader (carriage, wagon-type mast).

Unlike its predecessors, the mast already has three sections. For forklift trucks and electric forklift trucks, these masts always have a special free play by default. With a wagon-type mast, a Side Shift is used for more accurate loading.

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